The Aerial Peruvian Andes Campaign (ALPACA) dataset was acquired during a measurement campaign of the Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (IPF) and the Institute of Water and River Basin Management - Hydrology (IWG) of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). The measurement campaign was conducted in Peru, in the catchment area of the river Lurín near Lima, in April 2019. Areas in five different locations between 2700 m and 3700 m above mean sea level are included. The ALPACA dataset consists of hyperspectral data in the range of 900 nm to 2500 nm and soil moisture point data in the range of 4 % to 89 %. The hyperspectral data was acquired with a Headwall Hyperspec SWIR sensor, which was mounted on DJI Matrice 600 Pro an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. About 27 600 square meters of hyperspectral data were acquired with a pixel edge length of about 3 cm. A detailed description of the data acquisition can be found in . The soil moisture data was measured with a handheld ThetaProbe sensor. As a result, 236 soil moisture values are provided. The point measurements were performed in a grid of various distances between 5 m and 15 m. The processing of the dataset is described in  and published in .